13 Dog Characteristics You Need To KnowWokeepet
Dogs are human friends. We are all too familiar with dogs, but there are many interesting habits and characteristics of dogs that we do not know. Today’s long article introduces 13 interesting things about dogs. Through this article, I hope you can better understand our human friend-dog.
Usually, a dog has a well-developed intelligence, and the intelligence of an adult dog is equivalent to that of a 5-6-year-old child. It has a very keen observation of the surrounding environment. In the long-term relationship with humans, it has learned a lot, understands people’s straightforward language, expressions, and gestures. After training, it can complete various tasks according to the instructions and gestures of the owner.
So, what are dog characteristics? please check below:
Table of Contents
1. What is the dog’s origin?
The ancestor of the dog is the wolf. If we continue to trace it back, we should start with the malt beast 50 million years ago. The malt is a small, long-tailed, small carnivore that is good at running. After about 10 million years of evolution, it has gradually differentiated into bears, finger dogs, and mimic dogs. About 25 million years ago, finger dogs and pseudo finger dogs continued to evolve into new beast wolves. Three million years ago, it gradually divided into wolves and foxes.
About 14,000 years ago, people began to take captured little wolf pups’ home for domestication. They have been with humans for a long time and gradually evolved into humans’ most loyal friends-dogs.
As a descendant of wolves, dogs still retain many characteristics of wolves. For example, wolves use their urine and scent glands on their paws to delimit their sphere of influence. Dogs like to do this too; wolves are often used to call companions. Sometimes a dog who is locked up alone will howl like a wolf because loneliness evokes its most primitive instinct. Besides, the dog’s habits of burying food and obeying the leader all show that it has a deep relationship with the wolf.
2. What are the characteristics of a dog’s sense of smell?
Dogs have very developed olfactory organs, and their sensitivity to smell is more than 40 times higher than that of humans. According to measurements, there are 5 million human olfactory cells, while dogs have 220 million, capable of distinguishing about 20,000 kinds of odors. The dog’s sense of smell occupies an essential position in its life. It recognizes its owner, detects the location, identifies the same gender, recognizes mother and child, and finds food and prey are all done through smell.
- It always smells before eating. If it detects the ambiguity in the food, it will hesitate or stop eating at all.
- When the puppies are born, they can neither here nor see; they rely on touch and smell to determine the position of the mom.
- When the dog encounters a stranger, first go around him, smell it, and identify if the person is familiar. It rubs against people, not only to show friendship but also to leave a smell on you and list you as a friend.
- Male dogs like to leave a little urine trail in corners, under trees, and other places to determine their territory. When walking with their owners, they often sniff the ground while walking, searching for their marks. The scent secreted by female dogs in heat can spread far away, attracting male dogs to mate.
- It can also smell out the person’s mood. If a person has an unpleasant smell, it will cause it to bite. What is more surprising is that dogs can smell a person’s body if there is any disease. If your pet dog often sniffs a specific part of your body, it seems to be very interested in the new abnormality there, and even wants to bite it. Place, then you should pay attention to whether you are sick.
Humans take advantage of the sensitive smell of dogs to train working dogs, police dogs, shepherd dogs, hunting dogs, etc., to participate in search and rescue work and help find victims buried deep in snow, deserts, and earthquakes.
3. How are the dog’s hearing and vision?
The hearing sense of a dog is 16 times that of a human, and it can distinguish high-frequency and extremely low-decibel sounds. When sleeping, its ears are close to the ground, and it is alert to listen to sounds within 4 kilometers in diameter. The standing-eared dog has better hearing than the lop-eared dog, for sensitive.
Dogs have a strong ability to distinguish sound sources. When they hear distant sounds, they will turn their ears and eyes to the sound source at the same time, which is its physiological function.
For the owner’s password and simple language, the dog builds a conditioned reflex based on the change in pitch. It can hear very light passwords. Too high a voice is a stimulus to it, making it feel painful and frightened as for avoiding or producing rebellious behavior.
The puppies at the age of 10 days did not respond to the sound. After 2 to 3 weeks, they could gradually hear the voice and let out a croaking cry.
Dogs have poor eyesight, but they have a wide field of vision and can “see six directions and hear all directions.” Its ability to perceive an object depends on the state of the object. It can see a stationary object within 50 meters, but it can feel 825 meters for a moving target. A dog is color-blind. In his eyes, the world is like a black-and-white TV. A guide dog can distinguish traffic lights based on the brightness of the two-color lights; its dark vision is more sensitive and weak. Objects can also be seen clearly in the light of the same, which is the characteristic of nocturnal animals.
4． What are the behavioral characteristics of dogs?
- Game behavior. The first performance is to repeatedly do some purposeless activities, such as chasing each other, playing, and so on.
- The way dogs communicate with their kind is to sniff each other. When two dogs meet each other and smell each other’s buttocks, they will know each other’s gender, age, and origin. When going for a walk, they always sniff the ground. Excreta, this is also their way of transmitting the information.
- Hierarchical behavior is manifested in the puppy period, and the weaned puppies begin to fight with their companions to determine their status.
- Almost all dogs like to crawl, and the target of the crawl may be the owner’s legs or the back of a lower-level puppy. When two puppies are playing together, it is a happy expression to climb the cross. The adult male dog jumps the cross to show his prestige.
- The dog likes to lick the owner’s hands and face, which is probably a mechanical action of seeking food. The puppies licking their mother’s face are searching for food residues. At the same time, their mother will ruminate on some food for him. So, when a dog kisses you warmly, giving a bone to him makes him happier than a kiss.
- Dogs are clean animals and have the habit of defecation at regular intervals. Generally, you defecate after getting up, after eating, or in the evening. Dogs raised indoors can take them to walk outside to defecate at the above times.
- Sensitive to stimuli. There are many sensitive parts on the dog’s body, such as the top of the head, mouth, buttocks, and claws. It does not like strangers to touch its head; the dog is prone to motion sickness, which is related to the sensitivity of its sensory function. Except for a few dogs’ breeds such as the Chinese Crested dog, most dogs lack sweat glands on their skin, so they are susceptible to the humidity and heat in the environment, but their ability to resist cold is powerful.
- The dog has a strong memory and will never forget the owner’s voice and address for a lifetime and can even find a way home from thousands of miles away.
5． What are the psychological characteristics of dogs?
- Group consciousness. Many animals have group consciousness. Dogs are exceptionally healthy. When they live with humans, they regard the owner and family as a group, and the owner is the leader of the group. It may steal and eat the neighbor’s chickens, but it also can well get along with its own ones. It is the group consciousness performed. It regards the small animals raised with it as a group and bullies the group. The boss-owner will not tolerate his partner, and the dog knows this very well.
- Curious psychology. Driven by curiosity, a dog will use smell, hearing, sight, and touch to understand people and the surrounding environment. When facing a stranger, it always comes close to smell and smell; when it comes to a new environment, it will also be curious. Sniff everywhere and explore.
- Revenge. According to the sense of smell, sight, and hearing, dogs can remember those who have treated themselves or their owners maliciously. Some dogs will hold a grudge against the veterinarian who treated them and find the right time to retaliate.
- Fear of being alone. A dog that has been kept in the house for a long time will become anxious due to loneliness and may even become nervous about self-harm or other abnormal behaviors.
- A dog is only loyal to one owner for a certain period and is never picky about his living environment. When it changes its owner, it will be very sad, depressed, and will not eat for a few days. A long time later, when I saw the original owner again, I still behaved extremely excited.
- Jealousy. When the owner has other pets, it will cause the dog to hate them. There are two apparent manifestations: one is indifference to the owner, and the other is to attack the suspicious object. In the dog world, there is a fixed order, and the owner can favor only the highest-status dog. If the owner loves a low-status dog, other dogs will bark in protest. When the owner is not present, they will gang up and attack.
- Dogs can observe their words, opinions, and colors. For visitors, it can accurately determine the relationship between him and the owner and will never attack the owner’s friends. In the family, it will choose an authoritative person as to its owner and treat other family members as the same status as itself, so it treats other people’s orders as deaf ears.
- The dog has a strong concept of time. Whenever it is feeding time, it will automatically come to a fixed place, expecting the owner to deliver food; if the owner forgets to feed, it will bark to remind. A dog raised indoors will listen to the owner’s movement after waking up in the morning, and generally will not bother it before the owner gets up.
6. Why do dogs like to dig holes?
Digging pits to collect food is a tradition left by the ancestors of dogs-wolves. The wolf lives by hunting small animals. It has little chance of catching prey. Once there is a harvest, it will eat a big meal, and then use its front paws to scratch one. Pit, bury the remaining delicacy. Nowadays, although the pet dog living in the human family has no worries about food and clothing, the information about collecting food has been stored in its brain. After the food is hidden, it will not bother, let it rot, or be otherwise. The dog digs out to enjoy.
It also has a robust possessive desire for toys and other objects. Sometimes things that we humans think are useless, such as stones and branches, will go into their nests and bite and play.
7. What does the dog’s barking express?
Barking is a dog’s instinct, and every barking expresses a different meaning. You only need to pay attention to the sound it makes and combine it with its expressions and actions; you can guess the emotion it wants to express.
The barks of small dogs are relatively high and sharp, and they like to bark; the barks of large dogs are thick and low and generally do not bark. It usually barks only within its snobbery. This call is an alarm and a demonstration.
- When it is alert, it will close its mouth and make a depressed nasal sound, and its ears will turn to the source of the voice, indicating that a stranger is coming or there is a suspicious sound.
- When its head is high, its ears are erect, its tail is shaking, and it makes a “barking” bark, it means that the foreign enemy is approaching. If the barking sound becomes short and strong, the frequency of the sound increases, which means it is more excited currently.
- When the dog’s barking sound changes from loud to deep, as if roaring, while wrinkles appear on the top of the nose, teeth are exposed, and the coat is erected, it means that it is about to attack. In this case, do not turn around and run; it will cause it to chase and attack. The correct way is to look down and slowly back away.
- When it is having fun, it will make short, high-pitched, and sharp calls, seeming to be singing, and sometimes it will keep licking its owner’s face and hands.
- The slight whisper is looking for a companion or begging for something from the owner; maybe it is hungry.
8． How do dogs express their happiness, anger, sorrow, and joy?
When a dog expresses emotions, in addition to barking, there are physical movements:
1. Its happy gesture is like this: It keeps wagging its tail, its eyes are gentle, and its body is twisting gracefully. It steps on the ground with its front feet, or jumps around its owner, making a sweet nasal sound; sometimes it will lie down, put its head on its front legs, and half of its eyes to make a sigh. lowered his tail, but it was not clamped, it was also a sign of happiness.
A dog will act like a baby to its owner when he is happy. The most typical posture is that the front legs are stretched forward, the arms are raised, the mouth is grinning backward, and the ears are tilted back. Then put the forefoot on the owner’s knee or turn around and lean the buttocks on the owner. This position allows the owner to touch his back.
2. When you are sad and lonely, your eyes are wet, your head is lowered, and you are listless, looking pitifully at your master, or hiding in a corner to express your grief in silence.
3. When angry, the pupils open and turn into terrible eyes. If it is erected with fur, its front body is protruding, and its teeth are grinning, it will attack.
4. When your dog challenges another dog, it will hold up its head, stare at the front, its body will be tensed, its tail will stand up, and the hair on its neck will stand up.
If the challenged dog is also very aggressive, then it will show the same posture.
if the challenged dog is more cowardly, you will see a completely different position: lower the head and step back, sometimes sitting on the ground, the ears fall backward; the tail is hidden under the body. To show its obedience, it will bow its back and look pitiful.
9． Do dogs have territorial awareness?
Dogs occupy territory by urinating and leaving behind the smell. They can also secrete sweat through the sweat glands between their toes, and then use their hind feet to scratch and scratch the ground.
Its territory is generally limited to the owner’s home and a small area at the door. If it leaves its territory, it will become cautious. Dogs also have the characteristics of protecting their land. They have a strong possessive desire for the things in the region, including the owner’s property. Because of this, it can protect the owner’s property. Sometimes, things that are of no use to humans, such as stones and branches, are also collected and hidden in their own dens.
Male dogs are very aggressive. When going for a walk, they often update their urine traces to expand the boundaries, but when they encounter more fierce dogs invading and occupying the land, they will pick up their tails and retract into their nests.
The female dog’s sense of territoriality is not so strong, but it leaves urine trails everywhere when in heat to attract the male dog.
If it moves to a new place, it will take ten days to establish a new territory. During this period, some dogs may bite people because of their territorial awareness. The owner must strictly control them to avoid chasing or hurting people.
10． How to judge the age of a dog?
The life span of a dog is 10-20 years, and the longest life span is 30 years. The length of its life span has a lot to do with nutritional status.
Distinguishing the age of dogs is different from that of humans. The age of humans is calculated in units of “years,” while the age of dogs is distinguished in groups of “day-age,” “month age,” and “years.”
From birth to 45 days of age before weaning, they are called puppies; after weaning to 6 months of age, they are puppies; they are adult dogs over six months of age. One year old is equivalent to 16 years old for humans, and three years old is equal to 30 years old for humans. Starting from 4 years old, every one year old is equivalent to 5 years of human growth.
The dog’s ancestors were mainly carnivorous, so the teeth are developed, and the growth rate is fast. According to the growth of the teeth, its age can be judged.
Deciduous teeth begin to grow 19 days after birth, and permanent teeth will be replaced around three months of age.
At the age of 1 year, the teeth are full, and the incisors are prominent and pointed.
At the age of 2 years, the tip of the mandibular incisor was partially flattened.
At three years old, the tip of the maxillary incisor was partially flattened.
4 to 5 years old, the upper and lower front teeth have worn slopes, and the color is yellow.
6-8 years old, only the root of the incisor is left, which is yellowish-brown.
Incomplete teeth over ten years old.
Judging from the posture and facial expressions, the young dog has a light and energetic attitude, has a bright eye, and is willing to be close to people:
Steady action at the age of 3 to 5.
Elderly dogs over ten years old have slow movements, curved backs, and grayish-white hair growing from the lips.
11. What are dogs afraid of?
A dog is naturally timid and fearful of fire, light, death, and specific sounds. When it hears a violent voice, it first expresses fear, and then escapes to a place it thinks is safe, even when it rains. The thunder and lightning will make it shiver with fright and go under the table with its tail sandwiched; most dogs hate fire, but it does not reach the level of fear. Its performance is not to run away, but to bark carefully around the fire. We can use this feature of dogs to report the fire.
Dogs have a strong sense of fear of death, mainly the smell of after death, which has a strong stimulus to living dogs. Some dogs are also afraid of shoes made of leather, which may be due to the smell of other animals on them.
dogs may also be fearful of phenomena that they cannot understand, such as lifeless animal specimens, sound-producing electric toys, suddenly opened umbrella waiting.
Sometimes a dog who is afraid of its owner will lie. For example, a dog who always flips through the trash is punished by its owner. Later, when he hears the owner’s call, it will run in the opposite direction next to the trash can before returning to its owner. This is because it thinks it is smart to show that it is not in the trash can to conceal its wrong behavior.
12. How does the dog sleep?
The dog does not have a fixed sleep time. It sleeps when it has the opportunity. The deepest sleep is between 11 am, and 13 am, and between 2 am, and 3 am. Puppies and elderly dogs need longer sleep. Dogs with insufficient sleep tend to yawn, have no eyesight, and decrease their ability to work.
It likes to lie on the ground when sleeping, with its head resting on its front legs and its mouth hidden between the two front legs to protect its nose. The posture of deep sleep is lying on the side, and the whole body stretched out, but with one ear attached to the ground, it is always alert to unfamiliar sounds. This characteristic makes it possess the ability to guard and housekeeping.
If it is awakened while sleeping, it will show dissatisfaction and even bark at the owner who awakened it.
13. What are the characteristics of the growth and development of puppies?
The newborn puppies are just like human babies. Their mouth, nose, ears, and footpads are all ruddy. They cry when they are hungry and sleep most of the time.
In the first week after birth, its eyes have not been opened yet. It can only crawl in a small area without getting too far away from the nest when receiving information from the outside world based on sense and smell. The weight can be doubled; if tail docking or dewclaw removal is needed, it should be done on the 4th to 7th day.
At the end of the second week, its eyes and ears slowly opened, but it still could not see things clearly and respond to the ambient temperature. At this time, the puppies began to have social activities-lick each other.
In the third week, they began to learn to walk crookedly and reacted to shaking and bright things. Child dogs began to move around without the mother dog. Male dogs will brutally hit their children with their noses to let them understand the cruelty of the outside world, and when the puppies return to the nest, the rough game will stop. This is an essential way of education in the dog group.
In the 4th week, the mother dog does not care about her baby anymore. The baby dog is weaned gradually. All her feelings are fully formed during this period, and she begins to know and understand the outside world. This period of contact with humans is critical. People develop fear and aggressive behavior.
In the 5th to 6th week, you should go to the pet hospital to check the stool, deworming, and inject vaccinations to avoid infection with canine plague and other viral diseases. Life education for it can also begin, such as defecation and name-calling training, but it cannot be demanded too high, and it will not complete training in complex subjects.
Playing is the best way for puppies to learn. They determine the hierarchy in the process of playing. During this period, you should establish your master’s authority. Otherwise, it will be difficult to discipline in the future.
Before the age of 5 to 6 months of sexual maturity, you can carry out simple training, such as coming, sitting, accompanying, etc., as the owner, spend more time playing and walking with the dog, and promote its brain development and learning ability.